If you are experiencing any problems with your Comcast internet connection, the suggestions below may provide some assistance with identifying and potentially resolving the issue. If you are still experiencing any connection issues after following these suggestions, please start a new topic on the forums.
Check if there is a service interruption
You can check for service interruptions by:
Recent changes in your service
If you recently changed any of your Comcast services or had your service recently installed, verify with a Comcast representative that there are no provisioning or registration issues on your account.
Verify your device meets Comcast's minimum system recommendations
In order to be able to offer a better high-speed Internet and digital voice experience, we have updated the minimum system recommendations for your computer. These changes allow us to offer you a quicker, more stable Internet connection so that you can get the most out of your service.
XFfinity Internet Minimum System Requirements - For Speeds up to 400Mbps
|Operating System||Your desktop or laptop should be running on a Microsoft mainstream-supported Windows operating system (on PC) or an Apple-supported OS X operating system (on Mac)
Visit the Microsoft Windows lifecycle fact sheet or Mac OS X Support overview for their latest operating system information.
|Browser||You should use a recent version of one of the following browsers for the best speeds: Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer or Safari. For more information about different browsers or to download a new one, visit whatbrowser.org.|
|Ethernet||You can use a Cat5e or Cat6 Ethernet cable to facilitate your wired connection. A Cat5e Ethernet cable is not required for speeds up to 1 Gbps.|
Xfinity Internet Minimum System Requirements - For Speeds up to 1 Gbps
|Operating System||Windows 8.1 (64 bit) or newer or Mac OSX 10.8 or newer|
|Browser||Mac OSX Browsers: Safari 6.2.8 or newer or Firefox 40.0.3 or newer or Chrome 44.0.2403 or newer
Windows Browsers: IE 11 or newer; MS Edge browser (Windows 10); Firefox 40.0.3 or newer; Chrome 44.0.2403 or newer
|Ethernet Cable||You can use a Cat5e or Cat6 Ethernet cable to facilitate your wired connection.
**Note**: Due to Ethernet overhead, actual download speeds are limited to 940 Mbps over a hardwired connection.
|Ethernet||10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet interface or adapter for wired connection|
|CPU/Processor||Intel Dual Core i5 2.5GHz or better or AMD Dual Core K10 2.5GHz or better|
|Hard Drive / Space||SSD recommended to achieve maximum download speeds 64 GB or larger|
Xfinity Internet Minimum System Requirements - For Speeds up to 2Gbps
|Operating System||Windows 10 (64-bit) or Mac OS 10.8 Mountain Lion or newer. Visit the Microsoft Windows lifecycle fact sheetor Mac OS X support overview for their latest operating system information.|
|Browser||Google Chrome 40.0.2403, Microsoft Edge (64-bit), Mozilla Firefox 40.0.3 (64-bit), Safari 6.2.8 or newer. For more information about different browsers or to download a new one, visit http://whatbrowser.org/.|
|Ethernet||For maximum speeds of 2 Gbps on a single computer, you will need the following:
|CPU/Processor||Quad-Core Intel Core i7 (or faster) processor and requires a solid-state drive (SSD).|
**Note**: At this time, Gigabit Internet service by XFINITY delivers WiFi speeds that are faster than some of today's most advanced smartphones, laptops and tablets are capable of running. To help potential Gigabit Internet service customers better understand what download speeds can be expected over WiFi, XFINITY tested the WiFi throughput of some of today's leading devices with the XFINITY Advanced Gateway under a variety of conditions.
Although download speeds up to 940 Mbps are possible with a hardwired connection, maximum WiFi speeds could be limited by your device's age and model. Other factors could include how many WiFi-connected devices are in use, website traffic and content provider server capacity.
Verify your modem's compatibility
If you've had your modem for awhile, it may have reached End of Life (EOL) status. You can view modem compatibility info by visiting the My Device Info site. This site will also provide you with devices you can purchase yourself if you do not want a Comcast provided modem.
Determine if your problem is router-based or modem/signal-based (not applicable to gateway devices)
To eliminate the router as a problem source, disconnect it from your network. Connect a single computer directly to your modem via ethernet (hardwired) and powercycle the modem. If problems persist, you can focus on the modem or signal issues. If the issues are corrected without the router, then focus on router/Wi-Fi issues. Remember to powercycle your modem every time you connect a new device to it.
Reset your equipment
Powercycleing your equipment is the well known and oft-mocked "turn it off and turn it back on again" solution. It does resolve a surprising amount of issues and thus it's an important step. For best results, you'll need to follow the procedure listed below.
To performing this procedure:
If you have a telephony modem or gateway device you can use the reset button if available.
You may find this how-to video helpful:
Pay attention to the lights on the front of your modem.
The lights will give you a visual indication of the modem's status. For example, if the modem resets, you will see the lights cycling. This would help you troubleshoot as you would concentrate on signal or modem issues rather than device issues. If the US/DS continuously flashes, it means the modem can't communicate and there is probably a signal issue.
Check your signal levels
|Downstream Power Levels||-8dBmV||+10dBmV|
|Downstream Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR)||35dB||N/A|
|Upstream Power Level||+25dBmV||+54dBmV|
|Upstream Signal to Noise Ratio (uSNR)||31dB||N/A|
|Upstream Receive Power||-2dBmV||+2dBmV|
**Note**: Signal level parameters may vary slightly between different localities. The information in the chart above is intended to be a general guideline. Not all modems will allow you to view the status page and some will have different URLs to access this info. If you are unable to access your modem’s status page, you can contact Comcast Customer Support and ask the support representative for these values.
Cable power levels are expressed as dBmV (decibel millivolts) or more accurately decibels relative to one millivolt. A millivolt is 1/1000 of a volt (10 -3 V or 0.001 V). dBmV is technically an expression of power in terms of voltage. We express it this way because we would be working with exceeding long numbers otherwise. In the simplest terms, a signal of 1 mV would be expressed as 0 dBmV. Stronger signals than 1 mV are express as positive dBmV values, while signals weaker than 1 mV are expressed as negative dBmV values.
Theoretically the ideal downstream (Rx) or forward path level would be 0 dBmV. In real-world scenarios, it’s unlikely that modems would see 0 dBmV exactly. This is acceptable as long as the signal levels fall within the specified range. Negative values are no better or worse than positive values in the specified range.
Upstream (Tx) or return path signal levels will be much higher than downstream levels. These levels express how much power the modem is using to push a signal back to the headend. If upstream values are too high, it’s an indication that there is too much resistance between the modem and the headend. This is a very common issue and is generally caused by wiring configurations or defective wiring and/or splitters.
Signal-to-noise or SNR or S/N is an expression of “good signal” to the bad unwanted signal known as noise. We express these values in decibels (dB ). Higher values are better.
Upstream Receive Power
Upstream receive power is the level at which the modem signal arrives at the headend. The headend automatically adjusts this level by instructing the modem to increase or decrease power as required. If the condition exists where the level falls outside of the specified range, it may cause a loss of communication between the headend and the modem.
**Note**: Not all modems will allow you to view the status page and some will have different URLs to access this info. If you are unable to access your modem’s status page, please see here for more information.
Codewords have to do with forward error correction (FEC). Cable uses an encoder or interleaver to inject codewords or blocks of data which allow malformed packets to self-correct.
Your modem looks at every packet on its segment to see what packets/codewords are addressed to it specifically. This is expressed by Total Unerrored Codewords. For diagnostic purposes, Total Unerrored Codewords is not a useful value.
Total Correctable Codewords are the codewords that were addressed to your modem that were corrected.
Total Uncorrectable Codewords are the number of codewords that your modem couldn't correct.
The numbers are cumulative, so in order to use this as a diagnostic tool, you would first powercycle your modem, then watch for new errors. If you see new errors, it's typically an indication of noise.
**Note**: DOCSIS 3.1 modems utilize a channel known as the OFDM channel. The easiest way to identify this channel is that the modulation type will be displayed as “other”. It’s normal for the OFDM channel to have correctables and uncorrectables, it is not a cause for concern.
Check the event log
It's normal to see a few events in your log. Most commonly you'll see:
T3 and T4 timeouts. This means the cable modem has sent ranging requests without receiving a response from the upstream control center (CMTS). Your modem talks to the CMTS with a series of synchronize/acknowledge responses. This process is called ranging. During ranging, the modem sends a response to the CMTS essentially saying "Hey, can you hear me?". If the modem doesn't receive a response back in the specified time frame, it logs the event as a critical T3 timeout. The modem then increases the ranging power (US TX), which is the technical equivalent of raising its voice to the CMTS, again saying "Hey, can you hear me?". If no response is received, the modem logs another T3 timeout. The process repeats until the modem and the CMTS establish communication at an acceptable level. An occasional T3 timeout is normal and not a reason for concern. If you see multiple T3 timeouts in a single day, it's an indication that a less-than-optimal condition exists.
The ranging process is expressed visually when the US and DS lights blink on your modem. A certain level of ranging is normal, but if your modem resets without establishing communication with the CMTS (e.g., the US or DS lights continuously blink), then it's likely the modem is screaming "HEY, CAN YOU HEAR ME?!?!?!?!?!" at the highest upstream transmit power possible. At this point, if the modem doesn't receive a response, a T4 timeout is logged, the modem resets and starts the process over. This is what we refer to as a no block sync condition.
There are various other timeout errors that are less common (T1, T2, T6) as well as a host of other warnings and notices.
Bottom line: It's okay to see a few errors now and then, even if they are labeled "critical". However, if you see a large number of events in a short period of time, it's indicative of either a modem or signal issue.
Inspect coax lines
Inspect Eternet cables
It's fairly uncommon for Ethernet cables to fail, but it does happen. Kinks and connector failures are the most common culprits. Ethernet cables should be Cat 5e or Cat 6.
It's critical that connectors be compliant as they are the most common failure point of the cable system. Cable over copper is radio (RF). If the connectors are substandard or damaged they will cause signal leakage. Signal leakage out (egress) can cause problems with over-the-air communications. Signal leakage in (ingress) is unwanted signal (aka noise) and can wreak havoc on the cable system. One bad connector can put noise on the cable plant, that noise then gets amplified on its way back to Comcast. In this way, one bad connector could cause problems for you and your neighbors.
Check the quality/status of all splitters
Splitters are a common failure point, make sure they are of good quality and broadband compliant. If they are old, corroded, gold colored or otherwise deficient, they are candidates for replacement. The label should read 5-1000Mhz (or 1Ghz). Typically, there will be one main splitter installed at the location where the main cable line enters the home. One port will feed the cable modem directly and the other port will feed everything else. It's specifically configured in that manner as excessive splitters between the entry point and modem will weaken the signal significantly and may cause a connection failure. Best practice is to have the modem installed on an outlet without any extra splitters. This type of wiring is known as a "home run".
Examine IP lease times
To see your IP lease time with Windows 7 or newer go to Start | Search and type cmd to open a command prompt window. Type ipconfig/all |Enter. Check lease obtained and lease expired lines -- if this displays a time of approximately one hour, the system is likely undergoing maintenance.
Verify your speed tier
Visit https://mydeviceinfo.xfinity.com to determine your speed tier. After you log into your account, your speed tier will be displayed on the left-hand side of your screen. Alternatively, you can view the speed tier to which you are subscribed here. Sign in and scroll down to the data usage graph area.
Then run an XFINITY Speed Test while directly connected to your modem/gateway with a wired connection.
Note: If your modem is not compatible with your speed tier, it may be assigned a default speed tier; 30/5 with only one downstream and one upstream channel.
Note: Comcast does not throttle speeds! It does not matter what applications you are using, what sites you are visiting or how much data you have consumed -- Comcast does not throttle speeds!
If you have security software installed on your computer and are having connection problems, disable it briefly and check connectivity. Sometimes programs can block connections that are falsely flagged as unsafe. Typically security software will require permission before allowing a new connection. Some operating systems may also automatically prevent connections without express permission from the user, depending on the security settings.
Traceroutes and ping tests
Running a ping test or traceroute to an IP address can be a helpful tool to troubleshoot routing problems. However, there are some things that you should and should not do when running these tests:
10.0.0.1. This can help determine connectivity between your computer and your modem.
Running a traceroute
Sometimes it is helpful to run a trace if you are having difficulty with a specific destination or service.
Windows 7 or later
cmdand press Enter. This will open the command prompt/DOS window.
tracert www.comcast.netand hit enter.
Trace completemessage. Right-click, mark, drag over the text, copy by hitting "Enter", and then hit "Enter" again to paste the trace results into a post.
Mac OS X:
Find the Network Utility app in your Mac.
For more information on running a traceroute and how to understand and use that information see this article: https://www.xfinity.com/support/articles/run-traceroute-command
Running a ping test
Windows 7 or later
cmdand press Enter.
ping -t www.comcast.netand then press enter.
The output will look like this:
Pinging www.comcast.net with 32 bytes of data Reply from 22.214.171.124: bytes=32 time=75ms TTL=46 Reply from 126.96.36.199: bytes=32 time=75ms TTL=46
time=XXmspart of each reply is as low as possible - below 100ms under ideal circumstances.
Mac OS X
Find the Network Utility app in your Mac.
Additional Troubleshooting Tools